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vir                       BRIIYN   AND   SIR   JOSEPH   BANKS                    133
but is crested in JC irma. They are for the most part found on
the Australian continent, but some species are found in the
islands to the north "which belong to the Australian region.
Thus M. brwnii, which is of interest as the first Kangaroo seen
by a European, is a native of the Aru islands. A specimen of
this animal, which was then living1 in the garden of the Dutch
governor of Batavia, was described by Bruyn in the year 1711.
M. ru/uSs the largest member of the group, is remarkable for the
red secretion which, adorns the neck of the male. It is caused
by particles which have the appearance and colour of carmine.
M. gigant&tts is not,, as its speeifie name might imply, the " giant "
of the race; its dimensions are given as 5 feet, while M, TV/US
is said to attain a length of 5 feet 5 inches, exclusive (in both
cases) of the tail
The account which Sir Joseph Banks gives1 in his diary
of the Kangaroo is interesting, since he "was one of the first
naturalists to see fchafc creature. In July 1*7*70 it was reported
to him. that an ee animal as large as a greyhound, of a mouse
colour, and very swift" had been seen by his people. A little
later he was surprised to observe that the animal " went only
upon two legs, making vast bounds just as the jerboa does."
The second lieutenant killed one of these Kangaroos, of which
Sir Joseph Banks wrote that " to compare it to any European
animal would be impossible, as it has not the least resemblance
to any one I have seen. Its fore-limbs are extremely short and
of no use to it in walking; its hind, again, as disproportionately
long; with these it hops seven, or eight feet at a time, in the
same manner as the jerboa, to which animal indeed it bears much
resemblance, except in size, this being in weight 38 Ibs., and the
jerboa no larger than a common rat/* The beast was killed and
eaten, and proved excellent meat. Sir Joseph Banks' observations
upon the leaping of the Kangaroo are of interest, because it is
often asserted that the tail is largely made use of as a third foot
or as a support. Mr. Aflalo declares in the most positive way
that after repeatedly examining the tracks upon soft sand imme-
diately after the animal bad passed, not the very faintest trace
of the impression of the tail could be discovered. The leaps of
a big Kangaroo seem to be somewhat greater than is recorded
1 Journal &f the JW. Son. Sir Joseph JBanfcs, Bart., JT.J5., P.M.S.t edited by Sir
Joseph Hooker, linden, 1896.